THE DISEASE CONCEPT THROUGH THE LANGUAGE MIRROR

Keywords: system, stem, semantics, disease, liguo-culture, entropy

Abstract

The article analyzes language means verbalizing the concept of DESEASE. The paper suggests multi-vecrored interpretations of the concept names' etymology and highlights a number of typological parallels thus targeting certain universalia that pertain to biological systems' disorders and dusfunctions. The implemented methodology exercises the eco-centric focus of interpretations, considers irrational premises of cognition and rationalization of reality, fuzzy nature of objects and phenomena involved in multidimensional interactions, non-linear causative correlations of diverse phenomena and respective generic systems, quantum peculiarities of verbally conveyed informational clusters, enigmatic nature of systems' development at bifurcation points as well as systems' inverse fluctuations. The synthetic-analytical interpretations of the concept names' etymology allowed reconstructing the inchoative "nano-myth" that impacts the trajectories of further conceptualization and designation of disease-related phenomena. This "nano-myth' contains the idea of structural deformation (distortion or uncontrolled expansion) which triggers the systems' entropy rise, energy loss, dysfunctionality, discomfort and painful symptoms, as well as negative assessment (as either auto-diagnostics or external assessment). Semantics of respective stems suggests an explanation of traditional asspciating disease and mythic creatures. The paper introduces a folmal logical model of DISEASE as scenario / "eventive" concept. The article discusses functional-semantic roles of language signs verbalizing DISEASE in different texts in Germanic languages of diverse historic periods. The paper provides quantitative analysis of respective designation units within a customary corpus encompassing English lyrics authored by the present-day rock musicians. The units from the corpus are subjected to semantic and linguo-cognitive analysis which traces the way the DISEASE is projected onto a variety of social and cultural spheres of human existence.

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Published
2021-02-22
Section
Language mappings of the world: linguacultural, linguacognitive and ethnolinguis